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  • Laser-assisted propagation of a relativistic electron bunch in air

    Authors: R M G M Trines, A P L Robinson, J R Wilkinson, J N Kirk, D S Hills, R M Deas, S Morris, T Goffrey, K Bennett, T D Arber
    DOI: 10.1088/1361-6587/ac0b9d
    Submitted by Stuart_Morris      

    Why should we attempt to reproduce this paper?

    Most electron beam physics is considered in the context of a vacuum, but there are applications to long-range electron beam transmission in air. As particle acceleration sources become more compact, we may have the chance to take particle beams out to the real world. The example provided in the paper describes that of x-ray backscatter detectors, where significantly stronger signals could be achieved by scanning objects with electron beams. This paper forms the basis for a potential new mode of particle-beam research, and it is important to ensure the reproducibility of this work for groups who wish to explore the applications of this new technology.

  • Accelerating the prediction of large carbon clusters via structure search: Evaluation of machine-learning and classical potentials

    Authors: Bora Karasulu, Jean-Marc Leyssale, Patrick Rowe, Cedric Weber, Carla de Tomas
    DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2022.01.031
    Submitted by bkarasulu    
    Number of reviews:   1
    Why should we attempt to reproduce this paper?

    This paper presents a fine example of high-throughput computational materials screening studies, mainly focusing on the carbon nanoclusters of different sizes. In the paper, a set of diverse empirical and machine-learned interatomic potentials, which are commonly used to simulate carbonaceous materials, is benchmarked against the higher-level density functional theory (DFT) data, using a range of diverse structural features as the comparison criteria. Trying to reproduce the data presented here (even if you only consider a subset of the interaction potentials) will help you devise an understanding as to how you could approach a high-throughput structure prediction problem. Even though we concentrate here on isolated/finite nanoclusters, AIRSS (and other similar approaches like USPEX, CALYPSO, GMIN, etc.,) can also be used to predict crystal structures of different class of materials with applications in energy storage, catalysis, hydrogen storage, and so on.

  • New Insight into the Stability of CaCO3 Surfaces and Nanoparticles via Molecular Simulation

    Authors: A. Matthew Bano, P. Mark Rodger, and David Quigley
    DOI: 10.1021/la501409j
    Submitted by dquigley      

    Why should we attempt to reproduce this paper?

    The negative surface enthalpies in figure 5 are surprising. At least one group has attempted to reproduce these using a different code and obtained positive enthalpies. This was attributed to the inability of that code to independently relax the three simulation cell vectors resulting in an unphysical water density. This demonstrates how sensitive these results can be to the particular implementation of simulation algorithms in different codes. Similarly the force field used is now very popular. Its functional form and full set of parameters can be found in the literature. However differences in how different simulation codes implement truncation, electrostatics etc can lead to significant difference in results such as these. It would be a valuable exercise to establish if exactly the same force field as that used here can be reproduced from only its specification in the literature. The interfacial energies of interest should be reproducible with simulations on modest numbers of processors (a few dozen) with run times for each being 1-2 days. Each surface is an independent calculation and so these can be run concurrently during the ReproHack.

  • Thermodynamics of stacking disorder in ice nuclei

    Authors: David Quigley
    DOI: 10.1063/1.4896376
    Submitted by dquigley      
      Mean reproducibility score:   3.0/10   |   Number of reviews:   1
    Why should we attempt to reproduce this paper?

    The results of this paper have been used in multiple subsequent studies as a benchmark against which other methods of performing the same calculation have been tested. Other groups have challenged the results as suffering from finite size effects, in particular the calculations on mixtures of cubic and hexagonal ice. Should there be time during in the event, participants could check this by performing calculations on larger unit cells. Each individual calculation should converge adequately within 96 hours making it amenable to a HPC ReproHack. Given modern HPC hardware many such calculations could be run concurrently on a single HPC node.

  • Highly efficient conversion of laser energy to hard X-rays in high intensity laser-solid simulations

    Authors: S. Morris, A. Robinson, C. Ridgers
    DOI: 10.1063/5.0055398
    Submitted by Stuart_Morris      

    Why should we attempt to reproduce this paper?

    There are many applications to multi-MeV X-rays. Their penetrative properties make them good for scanning dense objects for industry, and their ionising properties can destroy tumours in radiotherapy. They are also around the energy of nuclear transitions, so they can trigger nuclear reactions to break down nuclear waste into medical isotopes, or to reveal smuggled nuclear-materials for port security. Laser-driven X-ray generation offers a compact and efficient way to create a bright source of X-rays, without having to construct a large synchrotron. To fully utilise this capability, work on optimising the target design and understanding the underlying X-ray mechanisms are essential. The hybrid-PIC code is in a unique position to model the full interaction, so its ease-of-use and reproducibility are crucial for this field to develop.